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پلورالیسم

یکشنبه 7 بهمن 1386 ساعت 09:15 ق.ظ

Epistemology

Pluralism in epistemology is the position that there is not one consistent set of truths about the world, but rather many. Often this is associated with pragmatism, cultural relativism, and conceptual relativism. In the case of conceptual relativism, the argument claims that since there is no right way to carve up the world into concepts (e.g. what counts as an element), there will be several mutually exclusive complete and true descriptions of the world. In the case of cultural relativism, the argument claims that since truth is relative to culture, there will be several mutually exclusive complete and true descriptions of the world. In the case of pragmatism, the argument claims that since truth is connected to successful action, and success is connected to the goals set by our interests, the correct set of truths will be relative to our interests. Hilary Putnam (a harsh critic of cultural relativism) is fond of the example, "how many objects are there in the world?" Putnam argues that what counts as an object cannot be determined objectively but rather only relative to someone's interests, therefore the true number of objects in the world will change relative to whose interests we have in sight. (source: wikipedia) s

 پ.ن: تعریف بالا که از ویکیپدیا استخراج شده را دوست دارم، تعریف نسبتا کاملی از پلورالیسم در بعد فلسفی آن است. راستش چون به عنوان دینم در جایی ذکر کردم، مجبور شدم برای یکی از دوستانم معنی دقیقش رو توضیح بدم. از آن جایی که اینو براش زدم، گفتم این جا هم به عنوان حداقل یادگاری ذکر کنم. پرچم قشنگیه، هر چند بدونی فقط یه پرچم برات.

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